The chief purpose of the Better Factories Cambodia Synthesis Reports is to provide an overview of working conditions in the Cambodian garment and footwear industries, and to enable stakeholders to use this information to improve working conditions. The data presented in this 31st Synthesis Report reveals a mixed picture of working conditions and respect for worker rights in the 362 garment factories and nine footwear factories assessed over the year-long period from May 2013 to April 2014.
This Briefing Note focuses on the right to freedom of association for unions in the Kingdom of Cambodia (“Cambodia”), through examining the current status of freedom of association in the country; considering the drafting of the Law on Trade Unions (the “Law”), which the Royal Government of Cambodia (the “RGC”) has pledged to adopt by the end of 2014; and offering concrete recommendations to the RGC on the draft Law to ensure it complies with international human rights standards and guarantees the right to freedom of association.
On January 2 and 3, 2014, Cambodian security forces engaged in deadly attacks on protesting garment workers in the country’s capital, Phnom Penh. The country’s military police killed at least four people and injured at least 38 by firing assault rifles at workers who were protesting outside garment factories, demanding higher wages. (This report is available only in English version)
With the launch of Better Factories Cambodia’s online Transparency Database, BFC returns to its earlier practice of disclosing compliance information about individual garment factories.
This report is written and published by Asia Monitor Resource Centre following a fact-finding after the general strike and violent crackdown during December 2013 and January 2014. The report found that the demand of Cambodian workers to lift the minimum wage to US$ 160 is fair and reasonable, as their real wages have been stagnant despite their tremendous contribution to Cambodia’s economic growth. The ineffective response of the Labour Advisory Committee in meeting this demand has compelled the majority of workers to strike and protest. The disproportionate use of force by the government to suppress these legitimate protests demonstrate that the government is more concerned with protecting the interests and profits of the employers of the Garment Manufacturers Association of Cambodia than protecting the workers’ rights to a decent living wage, freedom of association and other basic human rights.
Over the past two decades, the garment industry in Cambodia has grown exponentially and is now one of the most important industries in Cambodia, representing a large share of the country’s GDP and employing over 475,000 people. Although the early years of the industry saw substantial improvements in the respect for labor rights and working conditions in the factories, placing Cambodia as a leader in the garment manufacturing industry, these trends seem to have reversed in the past several years and the human rights situation with regards to the garment industry is showing signs of decline. This Policy Brief aims to outline the current state of human rights in relation to the garment industry in Cambodia and offers recommendations for reforms that would substantially improve the situation.
2013 saw an upsurge in the number of demonstrations in the Kingdom of Cambodia (“Cambodia”), with hundreds of thousands of people taking their complaints to the public forum. From protests by garment workers and victims of forced evictions, to rallies by the political opposition, the end of the year was marked by daily news of demonstrations.
This report is written and published by the International Labour Organisation’s Better Factories Cambodia program (BFC) who launched Kamako Chhnoeum (Outstanding Worker) on September 1, 2013. The system is available for free to workers calling on two networks: Smart and Cellcard. Metfone will join the program soon. The project uses an Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system to educate garment and footwear workers on issues of importance to them.
The chief purpose of the Better Factories Cambodia Synthesis Reports is to provide an overview of working conditions in the Cambodian garment and footwear industries, and to enable stakeholders to use this information to improve working conditions.
This Report demonstrates that improvements are not being made in many areas including fire safety, child labour, and worker safety and health.
This report examines the BFC Program at ten years. BFC started operations in January 2001, following a three‐year trade agreement on textile and apparel between the Royal Cambodian Government and the United States, signed on January 20, 1999. (This report is available only in English)
In August 2009, CCHR launched the Cambodian Business and Human Rights Project to advance understanding of human rights within the Cambodian business community, and to encourage Cambodian businesses to commit to respecting human rights. Since United Nations sponsored elections in 1993, Cambodia has embarked on an ambitious program of economic development, in which the private sector plays a prominent role.
This report analyzes business and human rights in Cambodia through Ruggie’s framework on “Protect, Respect, and Remedy” and does so by focusing on land rights, labor rights, and the freedoms of expression, assembly and association in particular.