The recent rubbish collectors’ protests and subsequent negotiations with CINTRI demonstrated restraint on behalf of the Royal Government of Cambodia (the ‘’RGC’’), and highlighted how, with dialogue and compromise between all parties, collective strike action can be resolved peacefully in the Kingdom of Cambodia (‘’Cambodia’’).
Freedom of association is protected under provisions of domestic and international law. Despite this, widespread violations of freedom of association frequently occur throughout the Kingdom of Cambodia (‘’Cambodia’’), which is increasingly regarded as a dangerous country in which to be a trade unionist. In October 2013 the International Labour Organization (the ‘’ILO’’) named Cambodia as one of three country cases that were the most serious and urgent regarding freedom of association.
The Arbitration Council, established in May 2003, is an independent national institution with quasi-judicial authority responsible for resolving collective labour disputes through conciliation and arbitration.
The recent extremely violent attempt by the authorities to crack down a demonstration by workers is yet another example that highlights the disregard for the right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly in the Kingdom of Cambodia (“Cambodia”).
The Cambodian Center for Human Rights (“CCHR”) has classified the Labor Law as yellow, because, in spite of all the positive provisions introduced by the law, some of its dispositions incite job insecurity. Moreover, the Labor Law fails to provide a more coercive system that obliges factories and authorities to implement the provisions of the Labor Law.