This Handbook was developed as a guide to business and human rights in Cambodia’s land sector and the implementation of three key instruments on business and human rights: the United Nations (“UN”) Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (the “Guiding Principles”); the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (“OECD”) Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (the “OECD Guidelines”); and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (“FAO”) Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure (the “VGGT”). This Handbook is for civil society organizations, government officials, the media, companies, activists and those workers affected by corporate abuses of human rights in the land sector – in fact, anyone interested in business and human rights.
Through the analysis of quantitative data collected on women involved in land disputes throughout the country, this Report aims to shed light on the unique ways in which Cambodian women are affected by land conflict.
This Report examines the obstacles to registration of collective land for indigenous communities in Cambodia, based on data collected by the Project. It aims to highlight reasons for shortcomings in the implementation of land registration for indigenous communities, and identifies recommendations for all stakeholders that will promote better implementation, with a view to increased protection of indigenous land rights in Cambodia.
As noted by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia (the “Special Rapporteur”) last August at the United Nations (“UN”) Human Rights Council, “Land rights continue to be a major issue in this country.”1 Conflict over land – combined with the widespread and systematic violation of land rights – is one of the most prominent human rights problems faced by Cambodians throughout the country, one whose roots can be traced to the abolition of private ownership when the Khmer Rouge took over power in 1975.